Diversity trends in undergraduate enrollments and faculty at research universities and colleges: 2001 to 2014

The following post and data visualization is by guest blogger Lisa Bernardo, highlighting her project for Prof. Harmon’s Economics Independent Study class.

This project aimed to analyze diversity of student enrollment versus faculty members at research universities in the United States.  Through our research and analysis, we wanted to determine whether the make up of the student population in terms of race and ethnicity was well represented within that of faculty members.  This was done by calculating race and ethnicity shares of undergraduate students and faculty members from the years 2001 through 2014 using data downloaded from the IPEDS Data Center.

From our analysis, it was concluded that the shares of black and Hispanic faculty members remained significantly below these shares for students consistently over the time period of 2001 to 2014.

We also found that shares of black and Hispanic students as well as faculty members did show significant increases from 2002 to 2014, though the faculty increase lagged the student increase.  The black and Hispanic enrollment share for undergraduate students increased from 4.04 percentage points from 14.87% in 2002 to 18.91% in 2014.  Whereas, this same share for faculty members only increased 3.16 percentage points from 12.65% in 2002 to 15.81% in 2014.

Estimated population change for selected age groups in U.S. counties, 2010-2015

This visualization draws on another dataset made available through the U.S. Census Bureau’s American FactFinder data engine, Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Selected Age Groups by Sex for the United States, States, Counties, and Puerto Rico Commonwealth and Municipos: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015.T The Census Bureau’s Population Division releases yearly data  population estimates by age, race, and ethnicity which update the most recent decennial census counts with the latest birth, death, and international and domestic migration data. The estimates’ methodology incorporates a variety of data sources including IRS, Medicare, and American Community Survey datasets, as well as National Center for Health Statistics birth and death data.

Last month the Census Bureau’s Population Estimate Program released the latest estimates for states, counties, and county subdivisions, including total estimated population for Connecticut towns as of July , 2015.

Since the 2010 Census, it is estimated that 61 towns gained population, while 108 lost population; Fairfield County gained about 3.4%, while towns in Litchfield County together lost an estimated 3.3% of their population since 2010.